Organic Gourmet Rice Varieties of the Cordilleras
Near the entrace of Delicacies Village is where Ifugao Rice Depot is located, a stall selling mountain rice varieties from the Igorot farmers tending the centuries old rice terraces. Upland rice varieties are endemic and only grow there, unlike the aroma, C4, sinandomeng, wagwag, dinorado, burdagol, diket and other rice varieties that lowland Filipinos are familiar with.
brown rice for sale at P40/kilo and P2000 per sack (kaban). Tutubi nearly bought a 50 kilogram sack, can still fit inside the trunk of his car, but only held back when he learned he has not enough money. (Pictures taken using iPhone 3G since his Canon Ixus's battery lost all its "juice."
There were at least 5 varieties on display that day, Tutubi inquired about the prices of several others and aslo asked the stall attendant about the local names of the rice varieties for the tags only say brown rice and black rice. She mentioned tinawon and another name she couldn't remember, but later said pirurutong. Pirurutong, as Tutubi remembered, is the sticky violet rice used in the puto bumbong, a Filipino delicacy during the Christmas season. Other rice varieties Tutubi has heard of are balatinao, and inuruban.
is this the pirurutong? a return trip to Tiendesitas, Market! Market! or other places where "exotic" rice varieties are sold can verify this. With price at P100/kilo, is quite expensive for the peso-pinching Tutubi ever on the lookout to save on costs, but splurging once in a while while thinking of the social impact of buying authentic organic rice has its reward.
Upland rice varieties, whether brown, black, red, or violet, are rich in fiber, and organically farmed i.e. fertilizer and chemical free, by ancient farmers for centuries, long before commercial fertilizers and pesticides inundated the markets and hybrid rice was born. There also is the holok, an effective indigenous pest control system practiced in Ifugao using certain plants effective in killing traditional rice pests. Well-milled rice, the shiny clean rice is less nutritious than those where the rice bran, called darak in Filipino, are still attached to the grain. Darak is nutritious and yet lowland Filipinos, averse to brown-colored rice, feed it to pigs.
Tutubi recommends buying and eating rice cultivated in the rice terraces of the Cordilleras, not only for the health benefits, but only for the people of the Cordilleras, the hardy Igorots, be they Bontoc, Ibaloi, Ifugao, Isneg, Kalinga or Kankana-ey, to tend the rice fields carved out of the mountains, and not migrate to the city to find work, thereby restoring the grandeur of the rice terraces supplied with water through an ingenious and sustainable irrigation system modern engineers regard as marvelous engineering feats of ancient people believed to be made using bare hands.
The Banaue Rice Terraces, where some of the indigenous rice varieties are cultivated, is an inscribed UNESCO World Heritage Site as a Continuing Cultural Landscape where the unique rituals and traditions are inextricably tied to the rice terraces. It's also one of the three National Cultural Treasures on the P1000 bill together with the langgal and Manunggul jar. Other rice terraces present in Ifugao include those in Batad, Mayoyao and Hapao.
Tutubi was able to sample the long-grained Basmati rice variety in India but he prefers the round, soft-textured and glutinous Japanese rice varietiy. He's also particularly interested in the Jasponica rice, a cross between the aromatic, long-grained and thin Thai jasmine rice and Japanese rice.( If there's anybody here who can point to Tutubi where to buy Jasponica rice, he'll be be thankful.) There's also GMO rice or genetically modified organism, but not recommended due to lack of conclusive medical studies of its effects on humans).
The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) where the Banaue Rice Terraces is located, is comprised of the provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao, Kalinga, Apayao and Abra. Baguio City, being a highly-urbanized city is not a part of CAR and does not fall politically under Benguet province.
posted by backpacking philippines @ 9:27 PM,
- At Oct 11, 2008, 12:01:00 AM, Nyl said...
The price of brown rice in the market is more expensive than this one on the pic.
i love the sticky violet rice when it's made into "suman". I think pirurutong is a different variety of malagkit.
wow!nagutom ako bigla.:)
- At Oct 11, 2008, 1:27:00 AM, carlotta said...
my family eats brown rice now ever since my mum learned of its health benefits. and coz it's heavy, we usually have a half cup of it per meal as opposed to white rice which anyone can eat at x number of cups :D
- At Oct 11, 2008, 10:28:00 AM, bw said...
Darn, I've never ever seen nor eaten black rice. I've eaten brown and red but never black ! Thanks for the interesting info :)
- At Oct 11, 2008, 8:09:00 PM, tutubi said...
bw, try it. these rice varities are now exported to the US and Europe due to the growing demand for organic rice. Have no idea on where to buy them there or online stores selling them
- At Oct 12, 2008, 12:20:00 AM, carlotta said...
you can buy jasponica rice at shopwise libis =)
- At Oct 12, 2008, 8:45:00 AM, Sidney said...
To be honest I am at loss when I see the different varieties of rice... I guess I have still a lot to learn about this topic... I can hardly differentiate when I eat different kinds of rice.
For me ...rice is rice... ;-)
By the way...I am back ! ;-)
- At Oct 12, 2008, 11:55:00 AM, tutubi said...
carlotta, thanks for the tip. will visit shopwise (makati maybe or rustans) :P
sidney, welcome back. let's celebrate by a photoshoot :P
- At Oct 12, 2008, 10:03:00 PM, the donG said...
dami din palang varieties. kakatuwa at talagang napagotutukan mo ito.
- At Oct 12, 2008, 10:20:00 PM, tin-tin said...
honestly, i don't know the difference between the rice. hehehe. black rice? hmmm...
- At Oct 12, 2008, 11:00:00 PM, Dennis Villegas said...
Wow I learned a lot about rice today...Unfortunately, these mountain rice are not always available in the supermarket, but I will definitely buy some when I go to Tiendesitas. Right now my favorite variety of rice is the milagrosa, although it is very expensive :)
- At Oct 12, 2008, 11:03:00 PM, Dennis Villegas said...
Wow I learned a lot about rice today. I really wanted to try these mountain rice although they are not always available in local supermarkets. Will definitely buy some when I visit Tiendesitas :)
- At Oct 12, 2008, 11:18:00 PM, tutubi said...
the dong, dami pa talaga, di ko nga maalala yung iba saka minsan kailangan alam mo kung papaano isaing...some varieties need more water the others. One of those skills is to learn how to cook rice without using a rice cooker, as in sukat ng tubig gamit ang kamay :P
tin-tin, brown rice makes you feel fuller than regular rice besides the color :P
dennis, yeah, i remember milagrosa...pricey yes
- At Oct 13, 2008, 10:16:00 AM, Dennis Villegas said...
naku nadoble pala yung post ko hehehe
- At Oct 15, 2008, 12:05:00 PM, pieterbie said...
I love rice, by preference, good quality rice. Basmati is my favourite.
- At Nov 5, 2008, 12:46:00 AM, Nina said...
I like basmati for fried rice and I love puto bumbong :)
- At Oct 5, 2009, 1:21:00 PM, said...
hi, do you know where I could buy black rice somewhere here in the south? I reside in Las Piñas. I first get to taste black rice when I dined in at Malou Veloso's place.
- At Oct 5, 2009, 1:30:00 PM, Nesanta said...
hi, I had black rice before when I celebrated my birthday at Malou Veloso's place in Pasay. My mom and I are looking for a place here in the south where we could purchase one. By the way I'm from Las Piñas.
- At Oct 14, 2010, 6:28:00 AM, Sam Rice said...
This is great! Actually, the Philippines has a wide area for growing rice and the weather is really suitable for rice growth. black rice is one of the most nutritious rice types in the rice family and it is good to see that the Philippines is aware of it. thanks for sharing this one. i think I need to bookmark your website so I can have an easy trip to the Philippines! LOL
- At Jan 20, 2011, 7:47:00 PM, said...
we will be harvesting organically grown black rice or commonly called balatinao in the cordillera in a few weeks from our farm in the forest of the cordillera. Buyer can choose between machine or hand milled/"binayo". you can email firstname.lastname@example.org or call 09204545782 to order. we are setting up a demo farm in the remaining forest of the sierra madre just above metro manila with various tribal groups.