Flight chronicles of the backpacker Tutubi, with travelogues, pictures/photos/videos, travel guides, independent and honest reviews, affordable, recommended resorts and hotels (including inns, guesthouses, pension houses, lodges, hostels, condotels, bed and breakfast and other cheap accommodations), commuting guides, routes (sometimes street maps and GPS coordinates/waypoints) and driving directions to answer "how to get there" questions, information and tips on tourism, budget travel and living in Philippines, Exotic Asia and beyond!
Backpacking, independent travel, and flashpacking are cheaper than the "cheapest package tours" and promotional offers around but you can also use travel information for family vacations, even romantic honeymoon destinations.
More than the usual tourist spots and "places to see," this blog advocates heritage conservation, environmental protection, and history awareness for Filipinos, foreigners, and ex-pats wishing to explore Paradise Philippines and Exotic Asia!
Tutubi went on a company summer outing in Bagac, Bataan just last week at a controversial "heritage" resort along with his parents where he also took them, to their surprise, to the towering Dambana ng Kagitingan on top of Mt. Samat in Pilar, Bataan before taking them to the HM Transport bus terminal in Cubao.
Along the fork of the road leading to Bagac town proper is a relatively unnoticed and forgotten historical marker on one of the two spots where the Bataan Death March historically started (the one is in Mariveles Bataan, the town at the tip of Bataan Peninsula near the fortress Island of Corregidor).
This is Tutubi's post on the anniversary of the infamous Bataan Death March which started on April 9, 1942, the historic Fall of Bataan.
old picture of Bataan Death March, survivors called themselves the Battling Bastards of Bataan after the United States abandoned them (Gen. MacArthur escaped to Australia from Corregidor, right?)
the people pass by on the fork oblivious of the historical importance of the marker. From Balanga, the right road leads to Bagac town proper, the (Bagac Church) and the Las Casas Filipinas de Acuzar; the left road leads to Montemar Beach Club and other Bagac beach resorts. (Marker coordinates: N14 35 58.0 E120 23 41.3)
Bataan Death March trail (the whole route is marked by milestones, km 0 shown here):
1a. March start in Bagac Bataan to Balanga along the present Balanga-Bagac Road 1b. March start from Mariveles, Bataan to Balanga along Bataan Provincial Highway and join with the Bagac group (distance: 30 km) 2. Bataan Provincial highway to San Fernando Train station in Pampanga (distance: 53 km) 3. train ride from San Fernando, Pampanga to Capas, Tarlac (48 km in cramped train cars) 4. Marched again from Capas train station to the concentration camp (distance: 12 km) 5. Endpoint: Camp O'Donell now known as Capas National Shrine (where a list of prisoners-of-war, The Battling Bastards of Bataan, who made it alive to the camp can be found)
Note: some peole claim the many wicked soldiers of Death March were Koreans conscripted into the Japan Imperial Army. Note that Korea was part of the Empire of Japan during the World War II.
Tutubi will someday visit the other Kilometer Zero marker of the Death March plus the trains stations in San Fernando, Pampanga and Capas, Tarlac to finish the World War II historical trail (along with a Bataan Death March Route Map, in Japanese: Batān Shi no Kōshin (バターン死の行進?). There's also the Bataan Death March Marathon Run event some years ago but not sure if still held this year.).
It is a myth that the cruel and inhuman treatment of American and Filipino prisoners on the Bataan Death March was at the hands of Korean soldiers conscripted into the Japanese Army. Korea may have been "part of the Empire of Japan" during WW2, but not by choice. It is not uncommon, however, for Japanese people to make this assertion in modern times. However, the Japanese spin at the time was "the prisoners were humanely treated". So the story changes with each generation, and understandably so, as it is difficult to deal with the sins of one's ancestors.
The Bataan Death March was all the doing of the Japanese Army, under the command of General Homma, who was convicted of war crimes and executed just outside Manila.
I have been to both zero kilometer markers, followed the entire route from both Mariveles and Bagac to San Fernando, and from Capas to Camp O'Donnell. I have an uncle (now deceased)who survived this horror. I will take his word for who the guards were. He was there.
anonymous, yes, you're right the koreans had no choice but they're really here, per historians, who interviewed not one but many survivors.
note too that homma was the commander but he was busy capturing corregidor when the death march occured and was not directly involved in it.
in addition, yamashita was tried anc convicted by a kangaroo court for the massacre of manila when his order really was to retreat to the cordilleras and not stay in manila. yet the americans hanged him
i'm not pro-japanese, i just want to know the truth and be fair...thanks for the comments
Wiki is your friend... Wiki Japanese atrocities. One excerpt: "Two Japanese officers, Toshiaki Mukai and Tsuyoshi Noda competing to see who could kill (with a sword) one hundred people first. The bold headline reads, "'Incredible Record' (in the Contest To Cut Down 100 People—Mukai 106 – 105 Noda—Both 2nd Lieutenants Go Into Extra Innings"."